The Uganda Kampala Capital City project under the AQ Fellowship includes development of an emissions inventory and air quality modeling and forecasting. Dr. Anondo Mukherjee has been matched with the Uganda Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) project team led by Mr. Edison Masereka, Manager Research and Business Development, and Mr. Sadam Yiga Kiwanuka, Project Officer. The city has an air quality monitoring system and network in place for measuring PM concentrations, including 25 low-cost monitors, along with Embassy Kampala monitoring station, and 5 weather stations. Initial assessments indicate that emission sources include vehicles, dust, household burning, and industrial facilities. KCCA would like to develop an emissions inventory that supports planning and the development of necessary control decisions to reduce and mitigate air pollution.
The Fellowship kick-off meeting was in January 2020. Dr. Mukherjee will have regular technical discussions and training events with the Uganda-KCCA project team. He tentatively plans to travel to Uganda Kampala for in-country collaboration meetings in 2020. The Fellowship period will continue from January 2020 and into 2021.
High Level Goal 1: Develop an emission inventory for air pollution in Kampala
High Level Goal 2: Develop the capacity for air quality monitoring in Kampala
High Level Goal 3: Modeling, forecasting, and data analysis
Other Ugandan groups that participate in the air quality project, in addition to the lead agency Uganda KCCA, include Uganda National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), the Makerere University, AirQo, East African Geo Health Hub, Ministry of Water and Environment, and Uganda Manufacturers Association.
For project first steps, the Fellow began with a technical air quality overview (big picture technical approach), and the Uganda KCCA project team shared monitoring data and information, including a preliminary air quality baseline assessment with identified emission sources, governance framework, shape files, vehicle emissions testing, current research papers with speciation and PM composition, weather data from local weather stations, etc. Dr. Mukherjee and KCCA discussed current and previous air quality monitoring conducted in Uganda by KCCA, AirQo, and Makerere University. Dr. Mukherjee also conducted a literature review on relevant scientific studies regarding air quality in East Africa, he assessed daily and seasonal PM2.5 over a two-year time period, and then presented preliminary health impacts of PM2.5 in Kampala, based on a two-year average PM2.5 and exposure response relationship developed by Apte et al. 2015. They began discussions on air quality monitoring technology and a chemical speciation study.
The Fellow and the Uganda-KCCA project team have arranged to meet remotely every other week, alternating each time with training events and then a project technical discussion and working meeting to address questions and work on practice problems in tandem.
Across the larger Fellowship program, the two Fellows who are working with Uganda project teams have arranged a coordination meeting every other Friday to jointly discuss their respective projects. Note: As a synergy-building effort, the Uganda-NEMA team are invited to participate in all Uganda-KCCA training sessions, and the Fellow for Uganda-NEMA also participates in the KCCA training sessions and meetings.
2020 Technical Training Sessions for KCCA
2020 Technical Training Sessions for NEMA
Dr. Mukherjee is an Air Quality Scientist with Sonoma Technology, Inc. (STI) and is a Lecturer for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at University of Colorado Boulder. In addition to being an Air Quality Fellow with the U.S. Department of State under this program, he is also experienced working internationally with Hong Kong, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Uzbekistan. He has expertise regarding the impacts of particulate matter on visibility, the performance and validation of sensor measurements, the near-road air quality environment, and global air quality capacity building work. He has a PhD in Atmospheric Science from the University of Colorado Boulder. Through this fellowship work, he provides expertise as an independent scientist, and his views do not represent any U.S. institution or organization.
Mr. Edison Masereka is Manager of Research and Business Development, at the Uganda KCCA, and Mr. Sadam Yiga Kiwanuka is a Project Officer.
By teleworking and meeting virtually, the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) Uganda, Kampala Capital City Authority - KCCA, and AirQo are reviewing Uganda's National Air Quality Standards and establishing a database for Kampala city's air pollutants with the backing of U.S. air quality experts Dr. Binji Mukherjee and Ms. Amy Zimpfer. Their work will improve the air quality in Uganda for its citizens and save lives.